Teachers' Notes KS3 and 4
Weather Labs is a science engagement activity for Key Stages
1-4. Weather Labs focuses on measuring, recording, experimental
method, and data analysis.
A range of skills and knowledge areas are covered. These
include, at the most basic, the processes of setting up simple
instruments and reading their displays, to at the more advanced
end, understanding the use of data in prediction.
KS3 and KS4 guidelines
These guidelines can be adapted to suit your classroom needs. We
suggest using the forecast between 2 and 24 hours ahead of your
- Decide the location where you will monitor the forecast. This
could be your school, STEM club or a local green space. Check you
know its postcode. Decide the time slot in which you will monitor
- Weather Labs allows you to measure temperature, humidity, wind
velocity, wind direction and cloud cover. Will your class have time
to measure all of these or will you have to be selective? Choose
which weather phenomena you wish to measure and decide the
instruments you will use to collect your data. You can build your
own devices - have a look at Test the weather forecast, or
use the devices readable online through LGFL. Be sure you have
thought about how to make your measurements
- When you have decided which phenomena you will measure and
decided how you will measure them, go to our forecast page - Your
Weather - and enter the location postcode where you'll be
- View the 24 hour forecast.
- Hit "download data sheet" for the time of the forecast you are
going to monitor. This will automatically generate a spreadsheet in
a new tab. The time and location for this weather forecast is
already entered for you, as are the forecast data. Just fill in
your school name.
- Save this spreadsheet to your computer. You can also print it
out if you wish to record data on paper first.
- Make your weather instruments or access the LGFL online
instruments. Carry out your weather observations during the time
slot you have chosen on the forecast. Pupils can work in large
groups or in pairs. If you're using your own weather instruments
groups can make the same instrument and compare the results they
- Save the sheet as an Excel, Open Office or Neo Office
- The sheet will automatically produce a report and graphs of the
differences between the forecast and your observations.
The records you have made are valuable data. With our partners
at Manchester University, we will be studying what they reveal, and
publishing the results on this site. send your saved spreadsheets
Please name in the format
Extension activities for KS3 and
Have some groups obtain a forecast 24 hours before you measure
the weather and other groups obtain a forecast closer to the
measuring time. Does accuracy of the forecast change? Why is this
Discuss how to make your
measurements valid. What makes some measurements more valid
than others? Ask your pupils to work in pairs. Do measurements
differ between pair groups? Discuss what might cause this.
We would be very interested to hear of any school experiences
using this data. Please do write to us at firstname.lastname@example.org.